The work perceives the issue of female education along with its linkages to understand the attitudes, ideas, ideals and social institutions which influence the process of female education. With particular reference to Rajasthan, it takes up the traditional method of imparting education in the state, with education denied to the common woman in the past. It describes the missionaries, government and rulers'' contribution to this field in the nineteenth century. It then focuses on problems partially overcome due to rise of political consciousness and modernisation and the impact of Arya Samaj and the Gandhian concept of new social order on women''s participation in public life. It throws light on institutions attempting the upliftment of female education in Rajasthan.