The volume discusses the current combat environment in modern warfare and the changes expected to occur. Pointing out that the Indian army possesses the second largest air force in the country, it discusses the past history and future prospects for army aviation in India. It views army aviation in combat and support roles such as in counter terrorism operations. It discusses army aviation support on urban terrain, helicopter operations of army aviation in low intensity conflicts, army aviation surveillance operations, and army aviation in control of fire, and search and rescue. It examines the expanding roles and responsibilities of aviation, ranging from kinetic delivery to non-kinetic applications of air power.