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Twin mandalas of Vairocana in Japanese iconography /

Twin mandalas of Vairocana in Japanese iconography /
DK Number:DK-219195
ISBN: 9788177421163
Title: Twin mandalas of Vairocana in Japanese iconography /
Author: Ryujun Tajima ; English version from the French by Lokesh Chandra and Nirmala Sharma.
Imprint: New Delhi : International Academy of Indian Culture and Aditya Prakashan,
Physical Desc.: 294 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 29 cm.
Series Information: (Sata-pitaka series : Indo-Asian literatures ; v. 635)
Year: 2012
Price: USD 87.75
Language: Includes words in Japanese (Japanese script and roman).
Subject Strings: Idols and images--Japan.
  Vairocana (Buddhist deity)--In art.
  Mandala (Buddhism)--Japan.
Series: Sata-pitaka series : Indo-Asian literatures
  More books on topic: Art & Fine Arts
  More books on topic: Buddhist Art
  More books on topic: Buddhist Studies
  More books on topic: Buddhist Temple
  More books on topic: Gods & Goddess
  More books on topic: Iconography
  More books on topic: Japan
  More books on topic: Religion
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Title Review

This book is the first-ever, in-depth iconographical and philosophical interpretation of the twin mandalas of Vairocana – called Garbhadhatu and Vajradhatu in the popular Japanese parlance in the Shingon sect of Mahayana. First published in 1959, Dr Ryujun Tajima’s this work remains a classic of the traditional exegesis of the two mandalas. For an abbot (Daisojo), it was an article of both faith and thought. As an eminent disciple of Professor Levi, Daisojo also took into account the historical evolution of the Shingon theory vis-à-vis what he termed ‘popular’ Buddhism.

A mandala is both graphic representation (sakara) and meditation (nirakara). On the iconic level, it can represent the divinities in four ways: (i) in anthropomorphic form, (ii) as a bijaksara or hieronym, (iii) as a symbol (samaya), or (iv) in the dharmakaya, where the divinity is shown anthropomorphically but adorned by a vajra to represent the transcendent.

Now offered, for the first time, in readable English translation, Tajima’s book is a fundamental work for the philosophic and artistic understanding of the theory and graphic representation of the mandalas in general, more especially in the Shingon tradition of Japan. It presents, in detail, the philosophy, patriarchs and sacred canon of Mantrayana, its ulterior development into two branches in Japan, the nature and different kinds of mandalas, as well as their classification and essential principles. Based on the Mahavairocana-sutra and the Sarva-tathagata-tattva-sanggraha, it spells out almost every aspect of the twin mandalas: their basic ideas, their interrelationship and differences in character, their configuration and symbolism, among others. The book also brings out, in meticulous detail, the iconography of all the deities. Concluding with the critique of Shingon esoterism, Tajima shows how it differs from esoteric or ‘popular’ Buddhism, its three universals, the six elements, the triple mystery, et al.

Lokesh Chandra: an internationally-renowned scholar of Tibetan, Mongolian, and Sino-Japanese Buddhism, is a prolific writer, credited with about 680 works. Nirmala Sharma is an art historian: currently Professor of Buddhist Studies at the International Academy of Indian Culture, New Delhi.


Title Contents
Chapter No.Chapter TitleChapter AuthorPage No.
Prologue by Lokesh Chandra and Nirmala Sharma9
Foreword by Louis Renou14
Different types of Twin Mandalas: Mahakarunagarbha and Vajradhatu17
Abbreviations 19
I Introduction20
II. General introduction to the study of mandalas36
III. Mahakarunagarbha-mandala47
IV. Vajradhatu-mandala168
V. The doctrine of Shingon225

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Related Subjects
1. Art And Fine Arts
2. Buddhist Studies
3. Religion

Twin mandalas of Vairocana in Japanese iconography

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