Located in the central part of Mayurbhanj district of the Orissa state of the Indian Union, Similipal Biosphere Reserve (SBR) is one of the richest forests of the state with amazing medicinal plant diversity. Its diverse flora and fauna have attracted the attention of global scientist community. Based on years of intensive and extensive field observations and subsequent laboratory studies by the authors—this book offers a systematic enumeration and description of the medicinal plants of SBR. It also describes the ethno medicinal uses of these plants by the tribals of the region, besides evaluating the biotechnological potentials of select plant species. Maps, colour photographs of a large number of plants, an extended bibliography and an exhaustive index of scientific names, are other value added features of the book.